Archeophone Archives

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US227679A – Phonograph – Google Patents

It was written in French in an album belonging to Julius Block, who was an agent for the Edison phonograph recording device, and reads as follows:. The American inventor Thomas Alva Edison — , who embarked on his remarkable career when he was still a boy—publishing a weekly newspaper from the luggage van of a train at the age of fifteen—had by the end of his life some 2, patents to his name. Amongst them were some of the most important technological inventions of the modern age: an improved telegraph receiver , the carbon microphone —78 , the incandescent lamp —thanks to which he eventually succeeded, on 4 September , to turn a whole district of New York into the first electrically lit area in the world!

English: Thomas Edison listening to a wax cylinder phonograph at the Edison laboratory, Orange, N.J.. Date, 16 June Source, Museum of.

A note on dating: Ascertaining recording dates for the selections in this compilation is to some extent a matter of speculation. Each wax master disc preserved by the Edison Company was stored in a metal container often together with a slip of paper giving information about the recording see pp. These slips usually contain a date presumed to correspond to the date of recording; the date usually falls within a month or two of other more general documentation in the Edison archive.

Marston would like to extend special gratitude to the Thomas Edison National Historical Park, the National Park Service, and the United States Department of the Interior for conserving and sharing its rare recorded treasures. Clarke, Executor, whose generous contributions made this project a reality. Clarke, Executor for their generous contributions to the Edison archive, for the express purpose of upgrading to the highest technological standards its audio preservation equipment.

Such generosity has insured that these unique audio documents have been preserved without degradation, and permits us all to hear them in the best possible sound. Marston would like to thank an anonymous donor Durante, Patron of the Arts whose gift provided the impetus to expand what was to be a two CD-set to a three-CD set. Marston has a number of projects that could be either initiated or expanded through underwriting. Marston would also like to thank Stephen R.

File:Thomas Edison listening to wax cylinder,

This is a list of information we have gathered from a variety of sources on some of the major analog reel to reel tape recorder and related equipment manufacturers. While we have strived to provide the best information available to us, there will be corrections and additions. We include personal stories about the companies when they are provided to us. We always invite input on corrections and updates.

Thank you! View calendar which lists company creation dates associated with world and recording history.

Thomas Edison was a famous scientist, inventor, and businessman. Date of Collection The music was recorded into the groves of a cylinder made of wax.

Believe it or not, many of the first of Thomas Edison’s two minute cylinder recordings were of opera singers. Many of the first issues were oriented toward recording Wagner, in spite of the duration restrictions of the cylinders. It seems that Edison had hopes of exploiting an untapped commercial market in America. Wagnerian opera was immensely popular at the Metropolitan Opera during the early 20th century and was also gaining wider exposure due to their national tours.

Our guest speaker is Jeffrey McMillan who has been researching the Edison cylinders supported by a grant from the Association of Recorded Sound Collections. This research has so far led to several significant discoveries including the exact dates and locations of the Edison recordings. McMillan will present his findings and discuss how the National Phonograph Company’s cylinders compliment the overall history of Wagner singing in America before the Great War.

Edison focused on tenors as has McMillan’s research. A product of Bayreuth training and the advocacy of cosima Wagner, Burgstaller sang exclusively Wagnerian roles throughout his career. Jeffrey McMillan holds a graduate degree in Jazz History and Research and served as an archivist of the Metropolitan Opera for 10 years. All Rights Reserved. Skip to main content.

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A Brief History of Recording to ca. 1950

Tan cardboard cylinder case felt lining and slip on lie. Trade Mark picture of Thomas A. Edison Pat’d 11″ Marks: Top has a red stamp “Edison Record No” and some scratching along side of picture in pencil “Is there any room in ” Early date approximate. Oak box base that contains the spring wound mechanism turned by hand crank for this Edison Standard Phonograph.

Edison Cylinder – EDISON CYLINDER THE FABULOUS vinyl record – Amazon.​com Vinyl; Original Release Date: ; Number of Discs: 1; Label: ODYSSEY​.

These items are not for sale and the descriptions, images and prices are for reference purposes only. You can reduce the number of items displayed by entering a keyword that must be included in the description of the item. An Edison Bell ’20th century’ phonograph, circa key wind on a gilt black lyre base with ten cylinders 29 cm high.

An Edison fireside gramophone and horn, 70 cm high, 55 cm wide approx. Show 2 more like this. Thomas a. Edison Phonograph Thomas a.

Tinfoil Resource Center

The rapid rate of technological development in the cylinder era culminated in a shift to a new cylinder medium—celluloid. Albany had begun selling celluloid-based Indestructible cylinders as early as and the Lambert Co. Nonetheless, for Edison, the switch was more complete and long-lasting than it was for his rival companies: the Blue Amberol, introduced in , would be the last incarnation of the cylinder line for the Edison Company.

When they were first introduced, durability was seen as the chief virtue of celluloid media; a misstep with a celluloid cylinder, unlike the fragile wax recordings, wouldn’t cause it to shatter. While resistance to breakage was rightly considered to be progress in , today it is viewed as the celluloid cylinder’s only redeeming quality.

August 12, is the date popularly given for Thomas Edison’s completion of the like a large needle) on a tinfoil cylinder, Edison spoke into the machine.

The technology that made the modern music business possible came into existence in the New Jersey laboratory where Thomas Edison created the first device to both record sound and play it back. He was awarded U. Patent No. In an effort to facilitate the repeated transmission of a single telegraph message, Edison devised a method for capturing a passage of Morse code as a sequence of indentations on a spool of paper.

Reasoning that a similar feat could be accomplished for the telephone, Edison devised a system that transferred the vibrations of a diaphragm—i. Edison and his mechanic, John Kreusi, worked on the invention through the autumn of and quickly had a working model ready for demonstration. Thomas A. Edison recently came into this office, placed a little machine on our desk, turned a crank, and the machine inquired as to our health, asked how we liked the phonograph, informed us that it was very well, and bid us a cordial good night.

The patent awarded to Edison on February 19, , specified a particular method—embossing—for capturing sound on tin-foil-covered cylinders. His newly established Bell Labs developed a phonograph based on the engraving of a wax cylinder, a significant improvement that led directly to the successful commercialization of recorded music in the s and lent a vocabulary to the recording business—e.

Edison Gold Moulded Records

More Images. Please enable Javascript to take full advantage of our site features. Edison Records Edit Label. Edison Records Profile:. Edison Records began with the first commercially viable phonographs, which played wax cylinders which could hold several minutes of music or spoken word recordings, originally 2 minutes, then later 4.

Listen to V.A. – Edison Cylinder by Sorin Pricop for free. Follow Sorin Pricop to never miss another show.

Edison Electric Light Co. Observer — Clippings. Competition and market structure; Patent infringement; Electric light and power [Document Within a Document]. Portland Me. Advertiser TAE health; Accidents, fires, explosions. Telegraph; Cylinder phonograph; Cylinder record and duplicating technology [Document Within a Document]. Mount Bleyer. Edison Still”, Pittsburgh Dispatch Awards and honors. Gates has on Exhibition”, Helena Herald. Research and development; Electrocution [Document Within a Document].

National government U.

Edison gramophones

It’s common to place the first successful Edison’s attempt at reproducing the human voice in August 12, , with the famous and lost “Mary Had a Little Lamb” cylinder – though, this date is nowadays quite debated, and it’s believed that in fact it happened quite later that year, on December 12, Nevertheless, Thomas Edison filed a patent for the invention on December 24, issued on February 19, , and then founded the Edison Speaking Phonograph Company on January 24, The phonographs machines this company sold were intended for office dictation.

Inside is a blue wax cylinder record and on one edge in white ” Basked of is “Edison/ Special/ Amberol/ Record/ Four Minutes” and more patent dates.

In Letters Patent No. Upon this cylinder there is a sheet of foil or similar material, and the same is indented by the action of a point moved by a diaphragm, and this foil forms a phonogram that can be usedto reproduce the original sounds when moved in contact with a point and diaphragm. My present invention relates to improvements upon the phonograph patented as aforesaid, and the features of such improvemeut are hereinafter specially pointed out.

In thedrawings, Figure 1 is an elevation of the phonograph. I is aside view of the diaphragm and the device for moving the same. In my present invention, as in my former patent, the motion of the rccording-sln’face may be derived from clockwork, hand, or other power.

CD 1 (78:00)

As of Monday, August 3, The New York Public Library has expanded grab-and-go service to 30 branch locations as part of our gradual reopening. We hope to reopen even more locations soon. Find details about locations, services, and requirements , and learn more about accessing our remote resources. More Details Cite This Item. Edison white wax cylinders collection.

Summary table for dating cylinders by cylinder type and playback speed (​revolutions For Edison two-minute wax cylinders: If the cylinder is The dates could be.

Wax cylinder records were the first commercially viable method of recording and playing back sounds. The phonograph was invented in by Thomas Edison, who successfully recorded intelligible sounds on a thin sheet of tin foil wrapped around a metal cylinder. Returning to audio devices in the lates, after successfully developing the incandescent lightbulb, Edison introduced wax cylinders.

These thick cylinders could be reused by shaving away the grooves of previous recordings; similar products utilised only a thin film of wax over cardboard and were single-use. Wax cylinders with pre-recorded professional performances were first sold from , they were more expensive but generally produced a better sound than contemporary disc-shaped gramophone records, which were usually made from vulcanised rubber or, after , shellac.

Early methods of recording were basic, usually requiring many repeat performances from the artist, one for each cylinder, eventually yielding only a small batch of finished records. These records were made from a master mould, which only required a single performance from the artist, allowing easier mass production than with the previous methods. They could also be played at a higher speed of RPM, giving them a higher audio quality compared to the previously-available or RPM recordings.

Records of this type usually had a playing time of around two minutes. Wax cylinder record now broken in a cylindrical case with lid, both of card, printed in red and gold. A black and white image of Thomas Edison is printed on the side of the tube, and the title of the recording is handwritten on its lid. Records of this type were formed from a metal mould, created from a wax master.

Edison Records

The story of sound recording, and reproduction, began in , when the man of a thousand patents, Thomas Edison, invented the phonograph. In essence, his machine consisted of a sheet of tinfoil wrapped around a cylindrical drum which, when turned by a handle, both rotated and moved laterally. As it moved it passed under a touching metal stylus, attached to one side of a diaphragm. On the other side of the diaphragm was a small mouthpiece into which the operator spoke.

Edison (cylinders) EDISON special AMBEROL RECORD (kemenov) (Mx/Ctr No), Take, Title Name (Composer), Artist(s), Accompaniment, Rec Date.

Phonograph cylinders are the earliest commercial medium for recording and reproducing sound. Commonly known simply as “records” in their era of greatest popularity c. On July 18, , Thomas Edison and his team invented the phonograph. His first successful recording and reproduction of intelligible sounds, achieved early in the following December, used a thin sheet of tin foil wrapped around a hand-cranked grooved metal cylinder.

Edison moved on to developing a practical incandescent electric light and the next improvements to sound recording technology were made by others. Following seven years of research and experimentation at their Volta Laboratory , Charles Sumner Tainter , Alexander Graham Bell , and Chichester Bell introduced wax as the recording medium and engraving, rather than indenting, as the recording method.

In , their ” Graphophone ” system was being put to the test of practical use by official reporters of the US Congress, with commercial units later being produced by the Dictaphone Corporation. He settled on a thicker all-wax cylinder, the surface of which could be repeatedly shaved down for reuse. Both the Graphophone and Edison’s “Perfected Phonograph” were commercialized in


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